Internet Of Things (IoT): Concept beyond Imagination

Technology, the word that in today’s world could be easily justified if considered as the synonym for progress and development. Today, technology is showing us various different tech gadgets and scenarios that we never thought of. Everything started with a prototype Angler by Canoga in the year 1992 where the world witnessed a sudden shift…

Technology, the word that in today’s world could be easily justified if considered as the synonym for progress and development. Today, technology is showing us various different tech gadgets and scenarios that we never thought of.

Everything started with a prototype Angler by Canoga in the year 1992 where the world witnessed a sudden shift of concept of making phone smarter by implementing more features apart from just using for calling.

Since then, the mentality of a mobile user’s changed and is yet changing that had led to a gradual increase of using scenarios of mobiles.

The changing work scenarios of a mobile phone resulted in a sudden shift from everything being physical to online and on cloud sync. Since then, a sudden need for high data transfer speed was arisen to fulfill different tasks on an online basis.

Increasing Data Speeds leading more Cloud Dependency

The year 1965 is yet recognized as the foundation of the current developing concept and logic of internet and data transfer technology. A plan was proposed for the implementation of Zero Generation or 0G which was completed with mass recognition till 1978. The beginning as expected was not developed as it is today. 0G enabled users to contact anyone on a Call with some improvement to wired telephones.

Years went on hand-in-hand with developing technology and in the year 1991 world recognized a much improvement 2nd Generation as compared to previous versions of 1G and 0G in Finland which gradually spread to other parts of the world in the later years. However, 2G somehow managed to deliver a maximum data transfer up to 40 Kbps which in comparison with its previous versions was a huge improvement with a huge boost of 94.38% greater efficiency than 1G or 0G.

Years went on and we got technologies like 3G and 4G with were capable of delivering 7 Mbps and more than 100 Mbps simultaneously. In the previous years, we have got another improvement to data speeds under the name of 5G. The global deployment of 5G is still under progress using millimeter wave technology that had on-paper promised to deliver maximum data speeds of 10 Gbps.

Internet of Things
Internet Of Things (An Overview))

Internet Of Things – IoT

Internet, the term behind inter-user synced network. Internet Of Things or IoT is the concept of integrating Home Appliances or Physical objects to a single network using sensors across its body, being controlled by either smartphones or desktops.

The world recently witnessed 5G technology of internet data transfer enabling maximum output speeds of up to 10 Gbps which was integrated with close compliance to IoT. 5G has data speeds that can enable everything near us to sync providing us a better experience.

In reference to the above context, Let’s imagine the lights, fans, and everything at our living place being synchronized to the Internet. This in return will allow the devices to use Machine Learning and provide a personalized experience.

Concept used in IoT

Internet Of Things is quite a bit complex system to be operated. Hence, it requires certain concepts to function properly.

 Hardware

Hardware, the first and foremost part of the functioning of the system. IoT-enabled products need additional Processors and Memory Units for functioning and storage of cached data for further implementation.

 Embedded Programming

To enable functions, a device needs to be running close to the source for task completion and needs complicated programs embedded for specific functionality.

 Security

The system involves the storage of data. Hence, it requires well-developed security and privacy programs to preventing any Hacking Attempts.

 Networking and Cloud Integration

Like every single second, products need to sync and respond to the actions of the user, it needs a high-speed network connection and consequently cloud integration.

Internet Of Things ; Working Mechanism
Internet Of Things ; Working Mechanism

IoT Working Mechanism

Working Mechanism is an integral part of any device for property understanding how it works and provides final output.

Machine Learning

To deliver a truly intelligent experience, big data analytics needs to apply certain complicated techniques drawn from data mining and AI.

Data Analysis and Prediction

Being connected to servers, IoT-enabled products show real-time data and analysis for the particular criteria.

Data Ingestion

Firstly, data is collected from the user in different scenarios. The particular data could be as simple as system settings or sleep-wake cycle or as bulk as capturing video feeds.

 Data Transmission

The collected or ingested data is then synchronized to the cloud for storage either by using cellular data or satellite radiations.

 Data Processing

The synced data is then processed for providing the best user experience.

 Data Visualization

The processed data is then used in providing sending end-user alerts regarding emails or messages.

 Data Analysis and Prediction

At last, the task is fulfilled and collected data is then stored and preserved in a canonical form that could easily be used by the user in diagnosing the behavior of the product.

Threats from IoTs

Being an electronic IoT-connected device poses some serious threat to user’s privacy and data leaks or malfunction.

 Man-In-The-Middle Attack

Man-In-The-Middle Attack is one of the most serious issues under this condition. It can lead to interruption between devices that can lead to serious malfunctioning of the system.

 Ransom wares

If induced by any hacking attempts, hackers can easily grab into user’s private data and the concerned data could be easily locked. In return, hackers may ask for ransoms for releasing the data.

 Cloud Hacking

Most of the brands working on IoT lack a well-developed cloud logic system and can be easily hacked that can interrupt and split the user’s privacy and experience.

Pros and Cons – IoT

Below are some of the pros and cons of the concept.

Data

Accessing data is easy which enables it to be controlled from a remote where imposing a huge risk of a data breach when sent over a network.

Communication & Networking

Communication between devices is way more transparent and efficient but such complexity can lead to the failure of the whole system for a single loophole. 

Data Transfer

Fluently data sync can save huge time and labor but reduces human labor drastically. 

Automation

Today, Automation is the ultimate need of the day, IoT reduces human intervention and increases working efficiency increasing more dependency upon modern technologies.

Applications of IoT

IoT, the name for multitasking and the multiple-use system has certain useful applications yet as.

 Smart Homes

 Smart Home Appliances like smart bulbs, smart fans, etc could be easily controlled by a remote location.

Smart City

 We have witnessed many cities or places across the globe using IoT technology for the operation of the city. Tasks like smartly switching on or off light bulbs on streets, finding parking, etc.

IoT enabled Smart Wearables

 We often use smartwatches, smart clocks, etc delivering a well and promising experience of technology from the future with real-time data rendering.

Smart Retail Stores

IoT can help salesman Interact with the customers remotely and without any physical presence. This technique was used at many places throughout the world during global Shutdown due to Pandemic Covid-19.

Fuschia OS – The IoT Specialised OS

Fuschia, in general, is recognized as one of the mind soothing colors but in the words of technology, it is the project targeted for IoTs with the source without any third-party intervention with the best of security from Google.

The concerned operating system focuses on different screen sizes with the best of responsive nature as similar to iOS.

It is also regarded as a replacement to the current Android OS with a dedicated switch for most of the IoT-enabled devices like Smart-Bulb, Smart-Light, etc.

Conclusion

In early 2015, IoT was none priority for many small and tech giants but coming to 2018, almost seven billion devices were connected to the network. It is estimated that up to 2021, every average person will pursue at least 4 IoT-enabled devices. Experts predict the IoT market will occupy a market share of 1.5 trillion by early 2027.

IoT market had increased from nothing to everything. Let’s try to show some statistics i.e. an increase of up to 45% workplace productivity improvement, 26% development cost reduction, 47% product quality improvement, 33% Customer Satisfaction increased.

At last, IoT is a great concept for the future but still, it is an under-developing stage and needs serious improvement either securely or product-wise. This was Raj signing off. Thanking You.

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