E-Learning

Internet Of Things (IoT) – Concept beyond Imagination

Technology, the word that in today’s world could be easily justified if considered as the synonym for progress and development. Today, technology is showing us various different tech gadgets and scenario that we never thought of.

Everything started with a prototype Angler by Canoga in the year 1992 where the world witnessed a sudden shift of concept of making phone smarter with implementing more features apart from just using for calling.

Since then, mentality of mobile user’s changed and is yet changing that had led to gradual increase of using scenarios of mobiles.

The changing work scenarios of a mobile phone resulted a sudden shift from everything being physical to online and on cloud sync. Since then, a sudden need of high data transfer speed was arose to fulfill different tasks on online basis.

Increasing Data Speeds leading more Cloud Dependency

The year 1965 is yet recognised as the foundation of current developing concept and logic of internet and data transfer technology. A plan was proposed for the implementation of Zero Generation or 0G which was completed with mass recognition till 1978. The beginning as expected was not developed as it is today. 0G enabled users to contact anyone on a Call with some improvement to wired telephones.

Years went on hand-in-hand with developing technology and in the year 1991 world recognised a much improvement 2nd Generation as compared to previous versions of 1G and 0G in Finland which gradually spread to other parts of world in the later years. However, 2G somehow managed to deliver a maximum data transfer upto 40 Kbps which in comparison with it’s previous versions was a huge improvement with a huge boost of 94.38% greater efficiency than 1G or 0G.

Years went on and we got technologies like 3G and 4G with was capable of delivering 7 Mbps and more than 100 Mbps simultaneously. In the previous years, we have got an another improvement to data speeds under the name of 5G. The global deployment of 5G is still under progress using millimetre wave technology that had on-paper promised to deliver maximum data speeds of 10 Gbps.

Internet Of Things

Internet Of Things – IoT

Internet, the term behind inter-user synced network. Internet Of Things or IoT is the concept of integrating Home Appliances or Physical objects to a single network using sensors across its body, being controlled by either smartphones or desktops.

World recently witnessed 5G technology of internet data transfer enabling a maximum output speeds of upto 10 Gbps which was integrated with close compliance to IoT. 5G has a data speeds that can enable everything near us to sync providing us a better experience.

In reference to the above context, Let’s imagine the lights, fans and everything at our living place being synchronized to Internet. This in return will allow the devices to use Machine Learning and provide a personalised experience.

Concept used in IoT

Internet Of Things is quite a bit complex system to be operated. Hence, it requires certain concepts to function properly.

  • Hardware
Hardware, the first and foremost part for proper functioning of the system. IoT enabled products need additional Processors and Memory Units for functioning and storage of cached data for further implementation.

  • Embedded Programming
To enable functions, a device needs to be running closely to the source for task completion and needs complicated programs embedded for specific functionality.

  • Security
The system involves storage of data. Hence, it requires a well-developed security and privacy programs for prevent any Hacking Attempts.

  • Networking and Cloud Integration
As every single second, products need to sync and respond to the actions by user, it needs high-speed network connection and consequently cloud integration.

  • Machine Learning
To deliver a truly intelligent experience, big data analytics needs to apply certain complicated techniques drawn from data mining and AI.

  • Data Analysis and Prediction

Being connected to servers, IoT enabled products show real-time data and analysis for the particular criteria.

Internet Of Things ; Working Mechanism

IoT Working Mechanism

Working Mechanism is an integral part of any device for property understanding how it works and provides final output.

  • Data Ingestion
Firstly, data is collected from the user at different scenarios. The particular data could be as simple as system settings or sleep-wake cycle or as bulk as capturing video feeds.

  • Data Transmission
The collected or ingested data is then synchronized to the cloud for storage either by using cellular data or satellite radiations.

  • Data Processing
The synced data is then processed for providing best user experience.

  • Data Visualization
The processed data is then used in providing sending end-user alerts regarding mails or messages.

  • Data Analysis and Prediction

At last, the task is fulfilled and collected data is then stored and preserved in a canonical form that could easily be used by user in diagnosing the behaviour of the product.

Threats from IoTs

Being an electronic IoT connected devices poses some serious threat to user’s privacy and data leak or malfunction.

  • Man-In-The-Middle Attack
Man-In-The-Middle Attack is one among the most serious issues under this condition. It can lead to interruption between devices that can lead to serious malfunctioning of the system.

  • Ransom wares
If induced by any hacking attempts, hackers can easily grab into user’s private data and the concerned data could be easily locked. In return, hackers may ask for for ransoms for releasing the data.

  • Cloud Hacking

Most of the brands working on IoT lack a well-developed cloud logic system and can be easily hacked that can interruption and spoit the user’s privacy and experience.

Pros and Cons – IoT

Below are some of the pros and cons of the concept.

  • Data
Accessing data is easy that enables to be controlled from a remote whereas imposing a huge risk of data breach when sent over a network.

  • Communication & Networking
Communication between devices are way more transparent and efficient but such a complexity can lead to failure of whole system for a single loophole.

  • Data Transfer
Fluently data sync can save huge time and labour but reduces human labour drastically.

  • Automation

Today, Automation is the ultimate need of the day, IoT reduces human intervention and increases working efficiency increasing more dependency upon modern technologies.

Applications of IoT

IoT, the name for multitasking and multiple use system has certain useful applications yet as.

  • Smart Homes
Smart Home Appliances like smart bulb, smart fan, etc could be easily controlled by a remote location.

  • Smart City
We have witnessed many cities or places across globe using IoT technology for the operation of the city. Tasks like smartly switching on or off light bulbs at streets, finding parking, etc.

  • IoT enabled Smart Wearables
We often use smart watches, smart clocks etc delivering a well and promising experience of technology from future with real-time data rendering.

  • Smart Retail Stores

IoTs can help salesman Interact to the customers remotely and without any physical presence. This technique was used at many places throughout the world during global Shutdown due to Pandemic Covid-19.

Fuschia OS – The IoT Specialised OS

Fuschia, in general is recognised as one of the mind soothing colours but in the words of technology, it is the project targeted for IoTs with the source without any third party intervention with the best of security from Google.

The concerned operating system focusses different screen sizes with best of responsive nature as similar to iOS.

It is also regarded as a replacement to current Android OS with a dedicated switch for most of the IoT enabled devices like Smart-Bulb, Smart-Light, etc.

Conclusion

In the early 2015, IoT was none priority for many small and tech giants but coming to 2018, almost seven billion devices were connected to the network. It is estimated that upto 2021, every average person will persue at least 4 IoT enabled devices. Experts predict IoT market will occupy a market share of 1.5 trillion by the early 2027.

IoT market had increased from nothing to everything. Let’s try show with the some statistics i.e. a increase upto 45% workplace productivity improvement, 26% development cost reduction, 47% product quality improvement, 33% Customer Satisfaction increased.

At last, IoT is a great concept from the future but still it is under-developing stage and needs serious improvement either by security or product wise. This was Raj signing off. Thanking You.

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