We often use the Internet for most of our daily done routine either being it Searching or e-Commerce orders etc that determines the concept of cloud computing. In short, Cloud Computing is the pillar and future of the internet where works or tasks are completed on a remote machine namely servers.
Cloud Computing: An Overview
Cloud computing is the on-demand delivery of IT resources via the internet, with pay-as-you-go pricing. Instead of buying, owning, and maintaining a physical data center and server you can access technologies services, such as computing power, storage, and databases, on an as-needed basis from a cloud provider like Microsoft Azure, Amazon Web Service (AWS), Google Cloud, IBM Cloud, Alibaba Cloud, etc. and many more are available in the market.
Organizations regardless of every type, size, and industry are today using a cloud for a wide variety of use cases. These organizations rely on such services for troublesome and stressful tasks like data backup and disaster recovery, email, virtual desktop, software development, and testing, big data analytics, and customer-facing web applications.
For example, health care companies are using the cloud to develop more personalized treatment for patients. Financial services companies are using the cloud to power real-time fraud detection and prevention. And video game makers are using the cloud to deliver online games to millions of players around the world.
With cloud computing, your business can become more agile, reduce cost, instantly scale, and deploy globally in minutes. Cloud computing gives you instant access to a broad range of technologies so you can innovate faster and build nearly anything you can imagine, from infrastructure services such as compute, storage, and databases, to the internet of things, machine learning, data analytics, and much more.
One can deploy technology services in a matter of a minute and get from idea to implementation from several orders of magnitude faster than before.
Since its inception in the early-mid 90s cloud computing has become a mainstay of modern work life and leisure. The origin of the term cloud computing can be traced back to early network schematics where the appearance of overlapping server icons resembled the billows of the cloud.
By 1996 companies such as Compaq computer began to develop internal-use marketing strategies around these so-called cloud services software as a services platform, platform as a service, and infrastructure as a service.
Officially Salesforce.com was the first cloud computing network on the internet in 1999. It used to provide applications to its client online i.e through its website.
Later Amazon came up with Amazon web services(AWS) in 2002 which used to provide computing to the enterprise. Google and Microsoft in 2009 had joined this race. Microsoft Azure and Google apps both have a large impact on an individual could.
There have been many big players who have joined computing from time to time. Now it’s a $241 dollar company of cloud computing.
Types of Cloud Computing
Being a complex field of technology, Cloud Computing is divided into various sub-divisions namely Private, Public, Hybrid, etc. Basically, the above types are divided on the basis of consumer usage.
A controlled proprietary Computing model that eventually controlled to a limited ecosystem. Private Clouds ensures complete customizations, tweaks over data stored in physical storage or configuration either placed at the owner’s place or any vendor’s place.
In general, Private Clouds are the modern-day private and encrypted reply to hacks and private networking. These are the cloud storage running on a parallel and private network that isn’t allowed for public access without a valid token.
Benefits of Private Clouds
Cloud Computing, the technology from the future has several introductory and advanced technology for the future World. However, we have limited our post to the top three among them:-
Security & Compliance
A brand operating on a larger scale needs to be privacy-focused on its user’s data. On a similar note, Private Clouds are the best way to store user private data in proprietary and managed servers or clouds.
When compared to other computing technique that enables a third-party intervention may risk user’s data even due to a minute vulnerability in the system.
Being on a private cloud, Proprietor gets an extra layer of customizations that can enhance users’ experience reflecting the theme of the business. Unlike other computing on cloud or servers that allow limited customizations.
Private Cloud allows brands and entities to ensure the integrated and immersive user experience by operating on a hybrid sense of integrating private cloud with the public cloud to provide the power and cost-effective solutions.
The above system allows the brands to store the Private data’s on a secured platform as well as Empowering the strength and power of the platforms by loading publicly available resources on public clouds.
Types of Private Clouds
Clouds are generally differentiated on the basis of hosting nature into three types i.e. Virtual Private Clouds, Managed Private Clouds, Hosted Private Clouds.
Virtual Private Clouds
This type of Clouds is the servers that are responsible for a brand’s downfall and uplifts being operated from a remote place from the on-site premise. These types of Private Clouds or Storages are managed and maintained by the brand itself without any third-party interference.
Hosted & Private Clouds
The servers or cloud or remote storage machine is managed and maintained by a concerned third-party company. The brand maintaining the servers are responsible for fixing any security issues or updating the software. Configuration related to networking or contents on the front-end.
The public cloud is the modern-day servers and hosting services that are managed and sold from third-party brands and publicly available for use and purchase. This in return reduces the overall customizations and tweaks either to the servers for better compatibility or performance. The retailer or third-party seller is responsible for tweaks in terms of performance and updating the operating system that in other words reduces strain and stress on the business and limits retention on unnecessary.
For example, almost 95% of the online publication and news agencies use Public Cloud as a cloud service that reduces their attention on maintaining servers and better focusing on content production. One of the major positive points for Public Cloud Computing is its cheap costing operations.
Hybrid Clouds are a strategy cum service that enables businesses to operate on Public as well as Private Clouds. This enables seamless and synchronized connectivity between one or more public cloud services mingled with a robust private cloud. This provides businesses better flexibility between two different cloud platforms i.e. Public Cloud and Private Clouds. On the one hand the private cloud stores users’ private data that often comprises mail ids or passwords or KYC details.
In other words, it ensures IT professionals make sure when to extend their server capacity to meet the demands. It might be said, various webmasters don’t need high computational power all over the year except for a small span. Those webmasters can shift to hybrid clouds by operating the online program on-business site and extending it to a public cloud when in need without paying for idle usage.
This cloud requires various specialized architectures for successful and feasible working. These structures may include IaaS (architectures as a Service), PaaS (Platform as a Service), SaaS (Software as a Service), etc.
Community or Distributive Clouds
Unlike Hybrid Cloud allowed a combination of two or more public clouds with a private cloud, Community, or Distributive cloud various organizations being either owned or managed by a parent brand to collaborate and share the collected and stored data from various users. For example, NIC or National Informatics Centre for the management of almost every site from the Indian Governments. Here, NIC act as a parent organization allowing share and collaboration between its various website build to date operating on a single server.
Why Cloud Computing?
Cloud computing is not a trendy application that is used for online storage of data and video that’s all. But it is a part of a business model that is taking the world by storm. Cloud computing not only changed the way of data storage and access but it has also changed the several business operating style.
Most of the modern enterprise prefers cloud computing rather than the traditional method because it offers flexibility, easy access to data, very little maintenance cost as well as a high level of security with encryption.
Speed & Productivity
The rate of transmission of data while uploading and downloading is enough good for an agile business. It increases the productivity of the proprietor since it is user-friendly and provides flexibility to the user.
Cost & Performance
Running a traditional server setup not only needs regular checking or maintenance to function properly. But from time to time, its parts also need to be replaced to maintain the lag-free service and run it smoothly.
With cloud computing, there is no such headache about maintenance. It simply resolves the cost-effectiveness of the service holder.
Large scale implementation
Since is cost-effective it can be implemented on a large scale very easily at a very low cost. This helps the proprietor to grow up.
Its dependability cannot be questioned since nearly every business somehow or someway is dependable on computing. This gives a completed and fruitful opportunity to grow and achieve and excel in their field.
It provides the best ever security and privacy of data than any other platform. Once if data is uploaded to the cloud is very safe even if laptops are lost the company can access the data from new devices as well. There is no headache of protecting or saving the physical hard drive.
There is also a very minimal chance of stealing data since it is safely stored on the cloud, not on physical drives that may be robbed. With comprehensive encryption and login system security, the data of the company is much safer on cloud computing.
Deployment/ Service Models
SaaS or software as a service is a service that offers on-demand pay per use of application software to the user. Unlike licensed bought programs. This service is platform-independent and doesn’t need of installation of software on PC.
The cloud runs a single instance of software makes it available for multiple and end-users. This makes cloud computing cheap. All the computing resources responsible for delivering SaaS are entirely managed by the vendor. This service is accessible via a web browser or lightweight client application.
Microsoft office 360 and Google are some example of SaaS.
Pros or Advantages
- Universally accessible from any platform
- No need to commute, you can work from any place
- Excellence for collaborative working
- Allow for multi Tenancy
Cons or Backlogs
- Portability and Browser issue
- Internet performance may dictate the overall performance
- Compliance restriction
PaaS or platform as a service. This service is mainly a development environment and is in need of a programming language execution environment, an operating system a web server, and a database.
All of this encapsulates the environment where users can build, compile and run their program without working at the underlying infrastructure in this model, you manage data and application resources and all the resources are managed by the vendor.
PaaS is a domain that is mostly used by developers. Amazon Web Services coma force.com, Google App, Engine, Microsoft Azure, Heroku, etc are the example of popular PaaS provider.
Pros or Advantages
- Cost-effective Rapid development that is scalable
- The faster market for developers
- Easy deployment of web application
- Private or public deployment is possible
Cons or Disadvantages
- The developer is limited to the provider’s language and tools
- Migration issue such as the risk of vendor lock-in
The Infrastructure As A Service(IAAS) service offers computing architecture and infrastructure that is it offers all computing resources but in a virtual environment so that multiple users can access them. Resources include data storage, virtualization, server, and networking.
Most winds are responsible for managing the above for resources. The user will be responsible for handling other resources such as application data runtime and middleware.
IaaS is mainly for SysAdmin. Example products and services of IaaS include Amazon EC2, GoGrid, and Rackspace.com.
Pros or Advantages
- The cloud provides the infrastructure
- Enhanced stability dynamic workloads are supported
- IaaS is flexible
Cons or Disadvantages
- Security issues
- Network and service delay
Disadvantages of Cloud Computing Technology
Every technology when at its initial phases has some serious backlogs and disadvantages that are fixed in the future times with the newer innovation in the same. So, here are some of the prominent disadvantages.
Risk of data confidentiality
The user have always headache about the privacy of data. There is always a risk of data confidentiality of the user that can be accessed by other users if cloud protection is not good. In spite of this fact, Any data stored on the Internet isn’t safe. This reduces the confidentiality of the data stored.
Anything on the Internet isn’t Safe… #privacy #tech #technology @00246679236401602072Tweet
Depends on Internet Connection
The internet is the only way for cloud computing. Without the internet, users cannot access the uploaded file or download files from the cloud. This is the most common problem in the developing country that there is very poor internet connection in rural areas. And cloud computing needs a strong connection to the internet.
Technical Problems or Bugs
Some due to any kind of server issue cloud computing could be irritating and unmanageable. The technical issues can lead to disturbance of work so always try to buy the cloud of the company which has 24/7 service support.
Traditional Computing vs Cloud Computing
Everyone reading this article must have sometimes in his/her life span came across a traditional computer i.e. PCs, or Laptops, etc, and used it. But many few of them have ever come across a Cloud Computing technology.
|Traditional Computing||Cloud Computing|
|Data stored in Hard-Drives.||Data stored in Clouds or External Servers.|
|Component failure or theft can lead to loss of data||Data is stored in clouds. Theft or Component failure doesn’t affect data.|
|The additional program requires installation and IT knowledge.||Need to install a single gateway application to access a set of verified resources.|
|Performance and Efficiency depend on physical parameters. Components being old, performance output is slow either.||Performance and Efficiency are independent of any physical parameters.|
|Lack of Multi-device access.||Multi-device access is available.|
Future of Cloud Computing
There is no question about the future of cloud computing since we all are aware of its day-to-day uses. Today, we connect everything digitally from a photo to video, Whatsapp chat to important notes, even our document. This also reduces the stress of physical maintenance and storage. Nearly every small or big company directly or indirectly is dependent upon clouds. In fact, Cloud computing is one of the hottest technologies with high demand in the market.
Adoption and Market Acceptance
Cloud adaptation is the strategy used by various Enterprises to increase scalability and to reduce cost-efficiency. Cloud computing increases productivity and supports virtual services rather than physical products and hardware. It also supports the eco-friendly environment since it reduces the paperwork and physical means of doing something or creating as well as storing.
So this was it for now but we’re constantly making the best ways to improve our products in almost every aspects. Don’t forget to share the post if you liked it. If you didn’t liked it for any reason, post a feedback below and let us know about the same. This was Rahul signing off.